.Amazon Author Page for David Hawkes
Over the last 20 years, the concept of ‘economic’ activity has come to seem inseparable from psychological, semiotic and ideological experiences. In fact, the notion of the ‘economy’ as a discrete area of life seems increasingly implausible. This returns us to the situation of Shakespeare’s England, where the financial had yet to be differentiated from other forms of representation. This book shows how concepts and concerns that were until recently considered purely economic affected the entire range of sixteenth and seventeenth century life.
Using the work of such critics as Jean-Christophe Agnew, Douglas Bruster, Hugh Grady and many others, Shakespeare and Economic Theory traces economic literary criticism to its cultural and historical roots, and discusses its main practitioners. Providing new readings of Timon of Athens, King Lear, The Winter’s Tale, The Merchant of Venice, Measure for Measure, the Sonnets, Julius Caesar, Macbeth and The Tempest, David Hawkes shows how it can reveal previously unappreciated qualities of Shakespeare’s work.
The Culture of Usury in Renaissance England
Hardcover: 210 pages
Usury is entrenched in the twenty-first century world. Recently, however, public opinion has been shifting back to the strongly hostile view of usury held by humanity for millennia before the rise of capitalism. This book examines the ways in which usury was perceived and portrayed at the very beginning of its rise to power. David Hawkes examines early modern English depictions of usury in a wide variety of literary media: plays, pamphlets, poems, political economy, and parliamentary debates. It suggests that knowledge of such portrayals may help us settle accounts with the vastly expanded form taken by usury in our own time.
John Milton: A Hero of Our Time
Hardcover: 356 pages
John Milton — poet, polemicist, public servant, and author of one of the greatest masterpieces in English literature, Paradise Lost — is revered today as a great writer and a proponent of free speech. In his time, however, his ideas far exceeded the orthodoxy of English life; spurred by his conscience and an iron grip on logic, Milton was uncompromising in his beliefs at a time of great religious and political flux in England. In John Milton, David Hawkes expertly interweaves details from Milton’s public and private life, providing new insight into the man and his prophetic stance on politics and the social order. By including a broad range of Milton’s iconoclastic views on issues as diverse as politics, economics, and sex, Hawkes suggests that Milton’s approach to market capitalism, political violence, and religious terrorism continues to be applicable even in the 21st century.This insightful biography closely examines Milton’s participation in the English civil war and his startlingly modern ideas about capitalism, love, and marriage, reminding us that human liberty and autonomy should never be taken for granted.
|The Faust Myth: Religion and the Rise of Representation
Hardcover: 256 pages
This book argues that the world has sold its soul to Satan. To make this case, Hawkes undertakes a careful, precise analysis of what the terms ‘soul’ and ‘Satan’ have meant historically. Focusing on the story of Dr. Faustus, which he argues is the definitive myth of the modern era, Hawkes claims that the autonomous, individual human subject has become dissolved in a sea of representation. The system of performative signs that we call ‘the market’ functions today as an openly magical power, existing only in our minds, but ruling the world nonetheless, and systematically extinguishing the essence of humanity. Hawkes describes how this situation has arisen using a wide-ranging, trans-national account of the versions of Faust presented by Marlowe, Calderon, Milton, Moliere, Goethe, Byron, Dostoevsky, Wilde, Thomas Mann, Ngugi Wa’Thiongo and Salman Rushdie. Literary scholars, historians, philosophers and even economists will find fascination and instruction in this comprehensive, original book.
Idols of the Marketplace: Idolatry and Commodity Fetishism in English Literature, 1580-1680
Hardcover: 304 pages
Postmodern society seems incapable of elaborating an ethical critique of the market economy. Early modern society showed no such reticence. Between 1580 and 1680, Aristotelian teleology was replaced as the dominant mode of philosophy in England by Baconian empiricism. This was a process with implications for every sphere of life: for politics and theology, economics and ethics, and aesthetics and sexuality. Through nuanced and original readings of Shakespeare, Herbert, Donne, Milton, Traherne, Bunyan, and the antitheatrical controversy, David Hawkes sheds light on early modern debates over idolatry, financial value, and trade. Hawkes argues that the people of Renaissance England believed that the decline of telos resulted in a reified, fetishistic mode of consciousness which manifests itself in such phenomena as religious idolatry, commodity fetishism, and carnal sensuality. He suggests that the resulting early modern critique of the market economy has much to offer postmodern society.
Series: The New Critical Idiom
Paperback: 224 pagesKorean translation, 2001
Revised second edition, 2003Routledge..|..Amazon.comISBN-10: 0415290120
ISBN-13: 978-0415290128David Hawke’s Ideology is a refreshingly clear, even-handed overview of the broad subject of ideology. Hawkes considers all the various meanings and definitions, and traces the history of the debates surrounding ideology from Martin Luther through to modern approaches such as feminism and psychoanalysis. In his conclusion he considers whether, in the face of age of post-war capitalism and postmodernism is the ideology debate obsolete? This comprehensive, lucid volume will be essential reading for students of literary theory.
‘Against Idealism Too: A Response to Critics’ Early Modern Culture 10 (2012)
‘Against Materialism in Literary Theory,’ Early Modern Culture 9 (2012)
‘Milton and Usury’ English Literary Renaissance 41:3 (Autumn 2011), pp. 503-528.
‘Thomas Gresham’s Law, Jane Shore’s Mercy: Value and Class in the Plays of Thomas Heywood,’ English Literary History 77:1 (Spring 2010), pp.25-44.
‘Islam and the Economy of the Senses in Renaissance English Literature,’ The Senses and Society 5:1 (March 2010), pp.142-157.
‘Milton among the Pragmatists,’ University of Toronto Quarterly 77:3 (Summer 2008), pp.923-939.
‘Faust among the Witches: Towards an Ethics of Representation,’ Early Modern Culture 4 (2004). (Link)
‘The Concept of the “Hireling” in Milton’s Theology,’ Milton Studies 43 (2004) pp.64-85
‘Inheriting the Wind: A Response to Critics,’ The Nation (10/14/2002) pp.23-27
‘The Politics of Character in Milton’s Divorce Tracts,’ Journal of the History of Ideas 62:1 (January 2001) pp.141-160
‘Thomas Traherne: A Critique of Political Economy,’ The Huntington Library Quarterly 62:4 (Spring 2000) pp.369-88
‘Sodomy, Usury and the Narrative of Shakespeare’s Sonnets,’ Renaissance Studies 14:3 (September 2000) pp.344-361
‘Commodification and Subjectivity in John Bunyan’s Fiction,’ The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 41:1 (Spring 2000) pp.37-55
‘Idolatry and Commodity Fetishism in the Antitheatrical Controversy,’ Studies in English Literature 39:2 (Spring 1999) pp.255-273
Omnibus review of all Renaissance literary criticism published in 2012 (approximately 60 books, circa 30pp), Studies in English Literature forthcoming, Winter 2013
‘The New Puritanisms,’ review of Godly Reading by Andrew Cambers, The Intellectual Culture of Puritan Women, 1558—1680 by Johanna Harris and Elizabeth Scott-Baumann (eds.), American Spaces of Conversion by Andrea Knutson, and Milton Among the Puritans by Catherine Gimelli Martin, Times Literary Supplement (28/08/2011, approx 6,000 words)
‘The Puffers’ Progress: the Alchemical Origins of Modern Science,’ review of Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature by William R. Newman, and The Alchemy Reader: From Hermes Trismegistus to Isaac Newton. ed. Stanton J. Linden, Clio 34:4 (Fall-Winter 2005) pp.75-86
‘Materialism and Reification in Early Modern Studies,’ review of Liquid Assets, Dangerous Gifts by Valentin Groeber; Staged Properties ed. Jonathan Gil Harris and Natasha Korda, Shakespeare’s Domestic Economies by Natasha Korda, Imperfect Sense by Victoria Silver and The Rhetoric of Credit by Ceri Sullivan, Journal of Early Modern Cultural Studies, (Winter, 2004) pp.114-129
‘Shakespeare, Bacon and the “Torture” of Nature,’ in Embodied Cognition and Shakespeare’s Theatre: The Early Modern Body-Mind, ed. Laurie Johnson (Routledge: London and New York, forthcoming 2014)
‘Reports of the Death of the Author: the Hard Problem in Literary Theory,’ in Brain and Mind: The Hard Problem in the History of Neuroscience, ed. Christopher Smith and Harry Whitaker (Springer: London and New York, forthcoming 2014)
‘Middleton and Usury’ in The Oxford Handbook to Thomas Middleton ed. Gary Taylor (Oxford UP, 2012) pp.281-95
‘Against Materialism in Literary Theory’ in The Return of Theory in Early Modern English Studies: Tarrying with the Subjunctive eds. Paul Cefalu and Bryan Reynolds (Palgrave: London and New York, 2011), pp. 237-57
‘Raising Mephistopheles: Magic and Alienated Labor in The Tempest’ in Michelle Dowd and Natasha Korda (eds.), Working Subjects: Labor and Representation on the Renaissance Stage (Routledge: London and New York, 2011), pp. 177-92.
‘The Secular and the Post-secular in the Thought of Edward Said,’ in Histories of Postmodernism: The Precursors, The Heyday, The Legacy, eds. Mark Bevir, Jill Hargis, and Sara Rushing (Routledge: London and New York, 2007), pp. 101-29
‘British Contemporary Comedy,’ in Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide ed. Maurice Charney (Greenwood Press: London and New York, 2005) pp.185-198
‘Virtue, Commerce and History in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar,’ in Shakespearean Criticism: Julius Caesar ed. Horst Zander (Garland: London and New York, 2005) pp.199-212
‘Voodoo Politics: Tyranny and Enlightenment in Haiti and Britain,’ in Collective Action ed. Megan Shaw Prelinger and Joel Schalit (Pluto Press: London and New York, 2004) pp.32-36
‘Empiricism and Exchange-value in George Herbert’s The Temple,’ in Money and the Age of Shakespeare: Essays in the New Economic Criticism ed. Linda Woodbridge (Palgrave: London and New York, 2003) pp.79-96
‘Master of His Ways? Predestination, Allegory and Reification in Mr. Badman,’ in John Bunyan: Reading Dissenting Writing ed. N.H. Keeble (Peter Lang: London and New York, 2002) pp.211-230
‘Roddy Doyle,’ in British Authors Digest vol. V ed. George Stade (Scribners: London and New York, 1999) pp.77-94
‘Agatha Christie,’ in Mystery and Suspense Writers ed. Robin Winks (Scribners: London and New York, 1998) pp.195-216
‘Martin Amis,’ in British Authors Digest vol. IV ed. George Stade (Scribners: London and New York, 1997) pp.25-44
‘”The Shadow of this Time:” The Renaissance Cinema of Derek Jarman,’ in By Angels Driven: The Films of Derek Jarman ed. Christopher Lippard (Greenwood Press: London and New York, 1996) pp.103-116; translated into Hungarian and reprinted in Metropolis (2005)
‘Commodification’ in Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural Theory (Blackwells: Oxford, 2010)
‘Materialism’ in Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural Theory (Blackwells: Oxford, 2010)
‘Reification’ in Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural Theory (Blackwells: Oxford, 2010)
‘Enclosures’ in The Greenwood Shakespeare Encyclopedia ed. Patricia Parker (Greenwood Press, 2010)
‘Idolatry and Iconoclasm’ in The Greenwood Shakespeare Encyclopedia ed. Patricia Parker (Greenwood Press, 2010)
‘Antitheatricalism’ in The Greenwood Shakespeare Encyclopedia ed. Patricia Parker (Greenwood Press2010)
‘John Bunyan’ in The Oxford Encyclopedia of English Literature (Oxford UP, 2005)